Successful organic vegetable gardening can be cheap and easy to implement if you just take a few precautions. Here's some of the most important things you can do when growing your vegetable garden organically.
Weed Your Garden
Weeds compete for nutrients and sun, and also can mess up the spacing. You don't have to weed every day but if you notice some weeds are growing close to your vegetables or are starting to get big enough to compete for light then take them out. The less weeds there are the more effective the other organic gardening techniques will be.
Correct Spacing is Key to Organic Gardening
When gardening organically you are not using chemicals to keep your vegetables safe so you need to make sure you do everything you can to keep them healthy and strong. When vegetable plants are too close together they get stressed and are much more fragile. Correctly spacing your vegetable plants allows them to breath, get the proper amount of sun, and allow them to absorb nutrients more easily. This helps the vegetable plants grow up strong and more disease resistant. It will also reduce the moisture that stays on the plants which will help reduce pests and diseases. All of these combine for an effective organic technique.
Intermix Your Plants
A key to organic vegetable gardening is to intermix your vegetables as to limit their ability to transfer pests and diseases. This is because many diseases and garden pests are specific to a certain vegetable plant. If you plant all of your tomatoes next to each other and one of them gets sick it'll be more likely to pass on the disease to the rest of the plants. However, if you plant peppers with your tomatoes they will provide more of a shield from the disease and prevent it from spreading.
Rotating your plants is another way to organically protect your plants for pests and disease. The basic premise is that garden pests remember where they found those plants they liked from the previous year and are sure to come back and the conditions that breed specific vegetable diseases also begin to build up in the soil. Rotating your plants on a year to year basis helps to mix up the conditions that create diseases and attract the pests. Basic organic plant rotation is easy, just split your garden up into 3 or 4 sections and every year shift the plants from one section into the next one.