Custom Garden Guide

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Avocado

Avocado Stat Summary

Plant Spacing: " ( mm)
Row Spacing: " ( mm)
Planting Depth: " ( mm)
Plants Per Person: 1
Soil Temperature: °F (°C)
Days to Emergence:
Recommended Soil PH: 6.0-7.0
Earliest Outdoor Planting: After Last Frost
Tick Can seed indoors

Planting Avocado

Grow plant from avocado seed: with the pointed end up, pierce the seed with toothpicks on three or four sides to hold it on top of a jar or vase. Fill container with water so the base of the seed is covered; a few pieces of charcoal can be added to keep the water sweet. In 2 to 6 weeks, when roots and leaves are well formed, transplant it in potting soil. Unless the plant is moved into soil within a few weeks or months after germination, they'll begin to deteriorate.

Instead of in water, avocado seeds also easily sprout in a well-drained 4 or 5 inch pot of well drained, porous, fertile soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0; the top of the seed should just barely peek above the surface of the soil. Keep the soil fairly moist and the temperature between 60 and 70 degrees F; the seed will begin to sprout and a pretty, leafy plant will develop. When the seedling reaches 12 inches tall, pinch it back to 6 to 8 inches to produce a rounder, fuller plant.

Growing Avocado

Once the plant fills their pot up with healthy roots, transplant into a larger one; repotting should be done in the spring. Well-rooted plants should be given a liquid fertilizer every week or two. Watering should be done so that the soil never becomes really dry but isn't soggy or waterlogged. Fertilize with a balanced houseplant food every two or three weeks in the summer and about every six weeks during the winter. Mist the leaves of your Avocado if the air in your home is very dry. Harden potted plants outdoors gradually before transplanting in the garden. Once the tree is a year old, they should be fed four times yearly using a balanced fertilizer.

Harvesting and Storing Avocado

Avocados don't begin to ripen until removed from the tree; they can remain on the tree for several months in limbo. Once picked, they're ready to eat in about a week. Mature fruit usually loses some of its bloom and changes color; small, rusty brown specks develop on some varieties and other fruit become duller in appearance. However, color is not a good indicator of ripeness. To better determine fruit's maturity, pick one of the larger avocados and keep it at room temperature until it softens. It is mature if it softens to good consistency, not tough, leathery or bitter and is good to eat. A ripe avocado is relatively firm, but will yield to gentle pressure when held in the palm of the hand and squeezed. If mature, pick the remaining fruit from the tree as needed, allowing for softening time.

Avocado Insect and Disease Information

Avocado Yield Information

No yield information for Avocado.
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