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Bamboo

Bamboo Stat Summary

Plant Spacing: 36-60" (914-1524 mm)
Row Spacing: 36-60" (914-1524 mm)
Planting Depth: " ( mm)
Plants Per Person: 0
Soil Temperature: 45-80°F (7-27°C)
Days to Emergence:
Recommended Soil PH:
Earliest Outdoor Planting: Before Last Frost

Planting Bamboo

Prefers moderately acidic sandy loam soil; it should be well-drained. Remove all weeds from the area in which the bamboos will be grown and till the soil to a depth of 1 1/2 feet. Bamboo plants are started by layering, cutting, and also by seeds but this is rare.

Start from cuttings: select the middle portion of tall trunks that are not more than three years old. Ensure that each cutting has two undamaged complete internodes and a half internode. Immediately after cut made set the bamboo cutting vertically with the half internode above the ground.

Put a layer of moist clay over the top cut end without covering the hole; this acts as a disinfectant for the newly cut part. Space bamboo cuttings 3 to 5 feet apart to form a dense screen; use wider spacing for an individual plant look. Pour about 2 cups of water on the top of the cutting until it begins to develop roots and green shoots grow in the nodes.

Growing Bamboo

Use a 21-5-6 formula lawn fertilizer to help ensure good growth; an Organic fertilizer high in nitrogen is even better but more costly. Provide a 2-3 inch layer of compost or aged manure around the base of the plant, and outward where you want it to spread, for a natural source of plant food. Do not rake up the bamboo leaves from under the plant; it keeps the soil soft and moist, and recycles silica and other natural chemicals necessary to the bamboo. When plants are tall and slender they may need to be staked to prevent wind from uprooting them or damaging newly formed roots. Tie a rope around the stem about half way up and secure to short stakes on 3 or 4 sides of the plant at a sufficient distance to provide the needed support. Once a year remove older, unattractive or dead branches by making the cuts just above a node. You can prune bamboo without fear of damaging it; just trim so it looks attractive.

Harvesting and Storing Bamboo

The new shoots of bamboo plants emerge from the ground in the spring are edible and used in many Asian recipes and dishes. When 6 inches high they are most tender and tasty; harvest often since they grow so fast. You can harvest shoots from a new planting, but don’t take them all or the adult plant will eventually dwindle and die. Fresh shoots stored in a bucket of cold water will last a few days; wrapped in a refrigerator they’ll last about a week; blanched and frozen, they’ll keep for a year.

Bamboo Insect and Disease Information

Bamboo Yield Information

No yield information for Bamboo.
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