Bean - Bush Stat Summary
Plant Spacing: 2-4" (50-101 mm)
Row Spacing: 18-24" (457-609 mm)
Planting Depth: 1" (25 mm)
Plants Per Person: 20
Soil Temperature: 60-85°F (16-29°C)
Days to Emergence: 8-16
Recommended Soil PH: 5.5-6.5
Earliest Outdoor Planting: After Last Frost
Can direct seed outdoors
Planting Bean - Bush
Beans are a warm-season vegetable that grow best from seeds; they will not germinate if soil temperature is below 60F. The optimum soil is slightly acidic in a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. Plant bush beans in a sunny location after all danger of frost has passed. Plant seeds at a depth of 1 inch every 2 to 4 inches; rows should be 18 to 24 inches apart.
Growing Bean - Bush
When watering, try to avoid getting foliage wet. Water beans early in the day to allow damp plants to dry quicker; this helps reduce the potential for diseases. Beans prefer consistent moisture; mulching around plants is an excellent way to help maintain even moisture levels.
Do not use a nitrogen rich fertilize on plants; it causes excess foliage with a low bean yield. Beans are light feeders; generally, they grow well with just an initial application of a good quality fertilizer during planting.
Harvesting and Storing Bean - Bush
Green beans are ready for harvest about 2 weeks after bloom. Pick when the pods are nearly full size but the seeds are still small. The beans should be firm and crisp; pick frequently to encourage greater bean production.
Harvest by gently pulling each bean from the vine or by snapping off at the vine end if you are going to be using the beans right away. Beans can be stored at 40 to 45 degrees F; chill injury may occur below 38 degrees F.
Bean - Bush Insect and Disease Information
Mexican bean beetles and bean weevils can significantly damage small plants. To treat dust them with an insect powder compatible with edible produce. If you prefer, hand pick and destroy Mexican bean beetles and eggs from leaves.
Bacterial blights and white mold are caused by excessive dampness. Minimize problems by avoiding wetting plant foliage and watering in the early part of the day. Proper plant spacing and the removal of weeds allows for better air to circulate around bean foliage.
Two additional practices can help minimize disease problems: remove old plants at the end of the season; and crop rotate every 2 to 3 years.
Bean - Bush Yield Information
Bush beans can be harvested over a long period of time. You may wish to grow more beans if you are planning on canning or freezing them.
Our New Book
A detailed look over 90 vegetables and herbs.
Guides for planting, growing, harvesting, and storing.
Now Available at
Amazon.com or as a PDF