Bean - Pole Stat Summary
Plant Spacing: 2-3" (50-76 mm)
Row Spacing: 24-36" (609-914 mm)
Planting Depth: 1" (25 mm)
Plants Per Person: 20
Soil Temperature: 65-85°F (18-29°C)
Days to Emergence: 8-16
Recommended Soil PH: 5.5-6.5
Earliest Outdoor Planting: After Last Frost
Can direct seed outdoors
Planting Bean - Pole
Pole beans are a warm-season vegetable that grows best from seeds; they will not germinate if soil temperature is below 60F. The optimum soil is slightly acidic in a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. Pole beans yield two to three times more than bush beans from the same space and are easier to harvest; pole bean seeds are planted around a support.
Construct a sturdy trellis, tepee, cage, or single-pole in a sunny area to support your climbing bean plants as they grow; pole bean plants can grow to be 8 to 10 feet tall. After all danger of frost has passed, plant seeds at a depth of 1 inch every 2 to 3 inches apart along the bottom of the installed pole bean support. If using a single pole structure, plant about 6 seeds at the base of each pole.
Growing Bean - Pole
When watering, try to avoid getting foliage wet. Water beans early in the day to allow damp plants to dry quicker; this helps reduce the potential for diseases. Beans prefer consistent moisture; mulching around plants is an excellent way to help maintain even moisture levels. Do not use a nitrogen rich fertilize on plants; it causes excess foliage with a low bean yield. Beans are light feeders; generally, they grow well with just an initial application of a good quality fertilizer during planting.
Harvesting and Storing Bean - Pole
Green beans are ready for harvest about 2 weeks after bloom. Pick when the pods are nearly full size but the seeds are still small. The beans should be firm and crisp; pick frequently to encourage greater bean production.
Harvest by gently pulling each bean from the vine or by snapping off at the vine end if you are going to be using the beans right away. Beans can be stored at 40 to 45 degrees F; chill injury may occur below 38 degrees F.
Bean - Pole Insect and Disease Information
Mexican bean beetles and bean weevils can significantly damage small plants. To treat dust them with an insect powder compatible with edible produce. If you prefer, hand pick and destroy Mexican bean beetles and eggs from leaves.
Bacterial blights and white mold are caused by excessive dampness. Minimize problems by avoiding wet plant foliage, watering in the early part of the day, and planting with proper spacing for better air circulation. Additional helpful practices; remove old plants at the end of the season; and crop rotate plantings every 2 to 3 years.
Bean - Pole Yield Information
Pole beans can be harvested over a long period of time. You may wish to grow more beans if you are planning on canning or freezing them.
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