Custom Garden Guide

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Olive

Olive Stat Summary

Plant Spacing: " ( mm)
Row Spacing: " ( mm)
Planting Depth: " ( mm)
Plants Per Person: 1
Soil Temperature: °F (°C)
Days to Emergence:
Recommended Soil PH:
Earliest Outdoor Planting: After Last Frost

Planting Olive

Olive trees do best with mild winters and long, warm, and dry summers. Freezing conditions lasting days or a hard freeze, below 15ºF will severely damage an olive tree. You can grow a tree "bonsai style" and keep it indoors; trees in large containers can be moved indoors or into a hothouse during very cold weather.

Olive trees prefer permeable soils that provide aeration for root growth and have a high water holding capacity. Trees produce well on moderately acid (pH greater than 5) or moderately basic (pH less than 8.5) soils. Olive trees propagate by cutting a 12 to 18 inch length of a mature branch that is 1 to 3 inches in diameter and 2 seasons old. Once roots are established and young olive trees have begun to grow, transplant them outdoors or into a large container (with wheels for easy movement).

To prepare the soil, add compost; olive trees grow and produce best in nitrogen rich soil. Place young olive trees in prepared hole, tamp soil gently around the roots to be sure no air pockets are left in the soil, and water thoroughly. Stake young trees to support them until they have developed a root system capable of anchoring them firmly.

Growing Olive

During dry periods, water trees deeply once a month. Fertilizing olive trees with additional supplies of nitrogen on a monthly basis. Prune trees to both regulate production and shape the tree for easier harvest.

Harvesting and Storing Olive

Olive fruits that are to be used as green olives are picked while they are still green but have reached full size. Black olives are left on the tree to ripen completely. Ripe olives bruise easily and should be handled with care. The moment an olive leaves the tree, it begins to deteriorate. Fruit should be used or processed within 24 hours or sooner if possible.

Olive Insect and Disease Information

Wilt, peacock spot and olive knot are potentially serious diseases. Control by avoiding planting on infested soils, removing damaged trees and branches and apply a fixed-copper fungicide if needed.

Olive Yield Information

Many varieties need cross-pollination to produce fruit, if the variety you selected is like this, plant 2 or 3 trees at a minimum.
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