Shallot Stat Summary
Plant Spacing: 6-8" (152-203 mm)
Row Spacing: 10-18" (254-457 mm)
Planting Depth: 1/2" (12 mm)
Plants Per Person: 5
Soil Temperature: 45-95°F (7-35°C)
Days to Emergence: 4-5
Recommended Soil PH: 6.2-6.8
Earliest Outdoor Planting: Around Last Frost
Can direct seed outdoors
Can seed indoors
Prefer well-drained, average fertile, high in organic matter with a soil pH of 6.2 to 6.8. Requires plenty of even moisture for good yields. Shallots can be direct-seeded, grown from transplants started inside, or from sets -- small bulbs grown from seed the previous season.
About 3 to 4 weeks before average last frost, direct seed 1/2 inch deep, 1 inch apart and in rows 10 to 18 inches apart. To produce clusters of bulbs, increase spacings to 6 to 8 inches.
Plant sets in fall or early spring by breaking bulbs into individual cloves and setting them just so the tops are covered, 6 inches apart, rows 12" apart. You can cut large cloves into smaller pieces as long as head has some root on it.
Water weekly if weather is dry. Mulch to reduce soil heaving, retain moisture and suppress weeds.
Harvesting and Storing Shallot
Begin harvesting the green tops as soon as they're tall enough; use them as you would the tops of chives in salads, soups or stews. Harvest in early summer when the tops begin to yellow, and the bulbs have divided into several plump bulblets. Harvest mature bulbs when the tops wither and turn brown. Store harvested shallots after hanging bulbs to dry for 10 days; place in mesh bags in a cool, dry place with your other onions.
Shallot Insect and Disease Information
Use floating row covers to prevent infestations of insects. Fungal diseases such as blights, molds and mildews can be minimized by practicing 3 year crop rotations, removing old plant debris in the fall.
Shallot Yield Information
Each shallot bulb planted will result in a cluster of shallot bulbs.
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